General information about the research
The current study aims to support the development of useful, practical and exemplary approaches and implementation processes towards migration related topics in the respective local communities across the EU. The RC project will implement a series of activities (art residencies, small and large scale exhibitions, touring residencies, lectures, symposiums, conferences, educational modules, ambassador of culture training programme, communication actions, stakeholders involvement) related to migration topics and develop supporting materials and tools for innovative approaches towards art production and creative educational modules targeted at migrants and integration activities.
- Migration, research, human rights
RC confronts contemporary migrations from North Africa, Ukraine, Pakistan, China, the Middle East into the EU. Some of these are new phenomena, caused by wars. RC did several desktop researches: the 2011 “Arab Spring” revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East dramatically increased trans-Mediterranean migration, leading to record numbers of deaths of migrants at sea and heightened fears across Europe about irregular migrants and asylum seekers. There are several immigrant routes: African, Mediterranean and Balkan. None are easy. More than 1,500 people drowned crossing the Mediterranean Sea in 2011. From 2011 to 2015 the number of immigrants grew exponentially.
In the last year the most crowded route is the Balkan one: Syria-Turkey-Greece-Macedonia-Serbia-Hungary, directed to Germany, Sweden and Austria. Beside young, mostly educated, people, there are even more children, women and elderly people. In 2015 EU is expecting 800.000 immigrants, seeking asylum, a basic human right.
To stimulate cultural, social, human rights policy and raise implementation possibilities, we’ll collaborate with stakeholders on national, local, and EU levels.
- Multicultural society, integration, interdisciplinarity
RC will highlight the importance of connectivity and interdisciplinary culture for multicultural integration in EU, in particular for immigrants and new EU members. This will lead to new interdisciplinary practices intended to help migrants integrate into communities and to be actively involved into interdisciplinary co-working processes, having access to multicultural community benefits.
- Audience development, informal education, lifelong learning, intangible cultural heritage
Implementation of new skills, knowledge and experiences through RC educational activities and audience development methods has an important role in RC, with the intention of confronting intolerance, stereotypes, prejudices and social fear. This will be achieved through on-going sharing with audiences throughout and after the project, active involvement of target groups and civil society, participatory art and integration of intangible cultural heritage.
- Creativity, innovative environment and tools, new creative models
RC will develop and upgrade innovative cultural strongly connected to the innovative environment of a post-industrial society where creativity becomes a driving force and added value and artistic creativity and cultural production have an active role in civic aspects of migration and integration issues. Mobile app as extensive innovation tool will provide free access to updates.
The main research objectives of this study are:
- To reach target groups in communities with strong dissemination of project activities.
- New knowledge and expertise in the feld of migration for partners and associated partners, and capacity building
- Involvement of new audiences with special emphasis on multicultural communities and migration centers
- New opportunities for cultural workers
- Connecting defned groups to work together in interdisciplinary touring teams, open labs, on creative idea sessions, co-workings and other forms, connected to different local multicultural communities
- Reports on migration issues in EU today with emphasis on the use of artistic material in representation of border-related technologies
- Comparative reports on study visits in local, regional and national multicultural communities, families and refugees centres, migrant associations, asylum houses, detention camps, correction homes, prisons; communicating with activated migrants contributing to the project
- Creation of sustainable co-working model
- Enabling a new human right: to re-invent contemporary myths and artifcially/politically constructed mass media public opinion by new forms and identities in a creative manner to engineer the future
- Researching, developing, creating, connecting, communicating, disseminating all tangible results
Scope of the research
The research of WP 2 is conducted in the countries of the RISK CHANGE partner organizations in Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, UK, Netherlands, Greece, Malta, France, Hungary and Latvia.
It covers the following groups of people:
- Migrants and migrant local communities from 18 – 65 years
- Interdisciplinary artists/experts/professionals and art scene in national context
- Stakeholders concerned with migration related issues
It involves the following specific target groups:
- Migrants over 18 years interested in interdiciplinary topics/art/education
- Refugees, migrants, local multicultural communities interested in RC participation
- Possible artists/experts/educators/lecturers on migration topics (adults over 18 years) to be motivated/initiated from stakeholders groups
Stakeholders concerned with migration topics and migrants/refugees, like:
- Representatives of public and private institutions
- Asylum centres / simmilar institutions
- Representatives of associations dealing with migrants
- Local multicultural associations or platforms
- Experts and professionals working with migrants
- Artists, researchers and scientists connected / interested in migration issues
Research Methods briefly explained
The study uses two main instruments with a different scope and intensity, namely:
- Desk Research (10) – a keyword led search through internet, databases of journals, books, book sections and grey literature (project reports, policy documents) on migration and migration and policy in Europe as well as services, connected with migrants and migrations with practice examples of educational and cultural integration opportunities in the partner countries.
- Life-stage-based Interviews (60 x 10 = 600) – this instrument will be used to deepen the results of the desk research and to conduct life-stage-based interviews about the migration topics and related issus with members of target groups in local / national communties. The interviews will follow an interview guide and therefore be semi-structured.
The deliverables from the preliminary study will be:
- National reports on migration and migration issues (10) – prepared by each partner until 15th of January 2017, reports will cover the results from desk researches made by partners and conducted interviews in local / national communities. Each national report should cover 30-40 pages in total, following the structure presented in this template.
National reports will be summarized into:
- RC Preliminary Research Report (1) – will be structured by P1 (Kibla, SI) and published as PDF document on project webpage. It will represent the starting point and the base for RC Overall Research Report on immigrants in local communities, prepared at later stage by FOPSIM, MT.
Next steps in WP2 after RC Preliminary Quantitative Research Report:
- on-going quantitative survey on interdiciplinary topics and cultural projects on migration – online survey prepared by ACE KIBLA to be used during the entire project for identifiying the interdisciplinary activities and projects from cultural and artistic field with the purpose of inclusion, dissemination of good practice, inclusion of the experts, artists and professionals and coherent relations with stakeholders and media
- 6 Qualitative Research Reports, namely:
- Research on migrants coming through Greece borders – synthetic review of the secondary literature on the co-construction of technology and borders by University of Athens; relying on artistic depictions of migration experiences.
- Research on the use of artistic material in representation of border-related technologies by University of Athens on visualization and migration by border controlling organizations and migration-friendly ones/NGOs.
- Study matching migrants with local communities in Malta by FOPSIM
- Study of migration and border policy in Malta by FOPSIM
- Study about employment of disadvantaged groups on Malta by FOPSIM
- Research on transitory migration by MMSU Rijeka
- 1 Overall Research Report on immigrants in local communities – will be based on 600 interviews done in Preliminary Research Phase (60 each partner) and implemented with up-to-date information on migration topics in partner countries connected with interdiscipliarity, cultural and educational projects identified in on-going RC survey.
- 33 Qualitative interdisciplinary researches made by artists in residence – connected to residential program (= 33 reports). Artists/experts will provide a report on interdisciplinary researches related to local migrant communities, stakeholders and specifc scientifc bodies to construct an artwork involving targets into co-working model (WP3, WP4, WP6). Main idea is that all artists in residence (33 of them) will produce a blog-like report on their work and research.